For 12 years, the United States denied any civilian casualties from its air attacks in Somalia.
Last month, it admitted two civilians were killed in a 2019 US air attack. It was the second known incident in which the US Africa Command (AFRICOM) has acknowledged killing civilians in Somalia. The first was an air raid in April 2018 in central Somalia, in which AFRICOM reported it had unintentionally killed two civilians.
Monitoring groups, however, tell us that the low figures do not match the reality on the ground.
In this episode, we hear from Somali journalist Mohamed Osman Abdi, who laid the disconnect bare, and from two people working to uncover the human toll: Abdullahi Hassan, a researcher for Amnesty International in Nairobi, Kenya, and Chris Woods, the founder and director of Airwars.