* Most households reported a single source of income, and the lack of options for income generation has exacerbated the economic instability. A majority of households experienced a decline in their primary source of income. Awdal, Bari, Lower Jubba, Sanaag, Sool and Waqooyi Galbeed were hit the hardest.
* The majority of cropping households relied on rain-fed irrigation and due to the ongoing drought, experienced a decrease in both cultivated area and harvest. The regions that experienced the most major decreases in harvest were Awdal, Lower Jubba, Middle Jubba, Middle Shabelle, Mudug, Nugaal, Sool and Waqooyi Galbeed.
* All regions experienced a decrease in herd size over the last year, associated with livestock mortality and distress sales attributed to drought, pests or diseases.
* It is recommended that the national and regional early warning systems on climate and livestock body conditions are used, and government ministries and development partners are worked with to implement offtake programmes and destocking during the early warning of impending drought period.
Somalia: Data in Emergencies Monitoring (DIEM) brief - Round 5, Results and recommendations - March 2023 Featured
Key highlights* There are high levels of food insecurity across the country. According to the Food Insecurity Experience Scale, a large proportion of rural households (67 percent) are in the indicative Integrated Phase Food Classification (IPC) Phase 3 or worse. Thirty-one percent have borderline and 29 percent have a poor food consumption score. In terms of livelihood coping strategies, a total of 68 percent of households employed emergency coping strategies and 24 percent engaged in crisis coping strategies. Food security outcomes are particularly dire in Bakool, Bari, Bay, Galgaduud, Middle Jubba, Mudug and Sanaag.