FEWS NET publishes a Seasonal Monitor for Somalia every ten days (dekad) through the end of the current April to June gu rainy season. The purpose of this document is to provide updated information on the progress of the gu season to facilitate contingency and response planning. This Somalia Seasonal Monitor is valid through June 15, 2023, and is produced in collaboration with the U.S.
Geological Survey (USGS), the Climate Hazards Center, the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) Somalia, the Somali Water and Land Information System (SWALIM), several other agencies, and several Somali non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
From June 1 to 10, most of Somalia experienced limited and localized light-to-moderate rainfall, though central parts of the country received minimal-to-no rainfall (Figure 1). However, across the country, rainfall amounts received were near the long-term (1981-2020) average for the time of year (Figure 2), characterized by a decrease in rainfall during June. In the south, large portions of the Juba regions and the southern portion of the Lower Shabelle region recorded light-to-moderate rainfall of around 10-25 mm in the June 1-10 period, according to CHIRPS satellite imagery data. Similar rainfall amounts were recorded in the northwest across most of Woqooyi Galbeed and Togdheer regions and localized areas of Sool and Sanaag regions. According to FAO SWALIM river station gauge data, water levels of the Shabelle and Juba rivers remained near or above long-term average levels as of June 15. Notably, the districts of Beledweyne and Buloburte are experiencing significantly elevated river water levels, with flood risk ranging from moderate to high thresholds. Rainfall to date in the gu season, though below average in much of the central region, has generally driven improvement in pasture and water resources and supported crop growth.
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